Project Overview

The Lesotho Highlands Water Project, The Beginning

The water originating in the mountains is characterized by good chemical quality and low sediment content.

The topography of the region allows for the possibility of developing a hydro-power generation in Lesotho in conjunction with the the provision of water supplies to the RSA.

The Lesotho Highlands Water Project  (LHWP) was identified more than 50 years ago as the least cost effective water resource exploitation to benefit both the peoples of the Kingdom of Lesotho (Lesotho) and  the Republic of South Africa (RSA).

The Objectives of the Project are:

  1. To provide revenue to Lesotho by transferring water from the catchment of the Senqu/Orange river in Lesotho to meet the growing demand for water in the RSA’s major industrial and population centres.
  2. To generate hydro-electric power for Lesotho in conjunction with the water water transfer.
  3. To promote the general development of the remote and underdeveloped mountain regions of Lesotho, while ensuring that of Lesotho, while ensuring that comprehensive are taken to counteract any adverse effects which the  Project might have on the local population and their environment.
  4. To provide the opportunity to undertake ancillary developments such as the the provision of water for irrigation and potable water supply.