The Lesotho Highlands Water Project (LHWP) is a multi-phased project to provide water to the Gauteng
region of South Africa and to generate hydro-electricity for Lesotho. It was established by the 1986
Treaty signed by the governments of the Kingdom of Lesotho and the Republic of South Africa. The
entails harnessing the waters of the Senqu/Orange River in the Lesotho highlands through the
of a series of dams for the mutual benefit of the two countries. Phase I of the project was
in 2003 and inaugurated in 2004, and Phase II is currently underway.