Georg Caspary of Institut d'Etudes Politiques de Paris which is the research institute of Groupe d'Economie Mondiale and also a leading French public policy economic think tank, has fielded a number of questions for the LHDA’s attention. The research focuses on the integration of social and environmental safeguards in the financing of large dam projects.
1. Positive impact on the political landscape
Peaceful and cordial relationships between the Kingdom of Lesotho and neighbouring Republic of South Africa. An example of sustainable bi-lateral cooperation and peaceful coexistence on a highly volatile issue of water
2. Economic impacts
Steady and reliable capital injection of between M15-17m per month from royalty earnings
Permanent infrastructure in the form of
Vehicular access roads and foot bridges to hitherto inaccessible highland mountainous areas of Lesotho. 300km bitumen and 1,200km quality gravel roads in the remotest mountain area. This has facilitated further development of the areas
Telecommunication network to Project sites
Electricity network supply to Project sites
Health facilities in the Project sites accessible to local communities including the Leribe Trauma Unit
Upgrading of cross border facilities of bridges and staff accommodation to enable 24 hour crossing at Maputsoe – Ficksburg, Butha-Buthe- Fouriesburg and Maseru - Ladybrand
3. Establishment of Commercial centers and accommodation facilities at Likileng, Lejone, Katse and Mohale including shopping units, health clinic, police outposts
4. Upgrading of Construction Communities comprising water supply, access roads, market and bus stops, a secondary school, community halls and kinder gartens, village development councils’ offices, power supply and a morgue and police outposts
5. Establishment and generation of hydropower in Lesotho at ‘Muela Hydropower Plant – enabled through the LHWP implementation
6. Positive impact from instituting the Environmental Action Plan (EAP) aimed at mitigating adverse impacts of the LHWP:
7. Improved replacement Housing standards for those displaced by the project activities in the mountain/highland areas through the Resettlement programme
8. Improved Sanitation and potable water supplies for communities upstream of LHWP reservoirs through the Public Health programme
9. Improved Education facilities for 18 primary and secondary schools in the Phase IB including new classrooms, staff offices and book stores, ablution facilities for pupils and teachers, kitchen and food stores
10. Facilitating Nature Conservation Eco-tourism from the establishment of Ts’ehlanyane and Bokong nature reserves, Lipofung cultural village and archeological center, and Katse Botanical Garden, preservation of the endemic Maluti minnow fish
11. Empowerment of the communities with training and other support through capital from communal compensation funds to engage in small business ventures of cash crops such as cooperative stores, hammer mills, garages, trading stores.
Generally the LHWP has paved the way for numerous and diverse development opportunities in Lesotho.
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